DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAnalytic DBMS for HadoopMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.78
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score15.07
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score85.57
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1336.07
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)ClouderaMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle
Initial release2012201320091980
Current release3.3.0, August 201910.4.10, November 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3PL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftImpalaMariaDBOracle
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for Redshift accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Amazon Redshift Workbench and Cloud database tool.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftImpalaMariaDBOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

Tableau expands AWS partnership with new cloud migration initiative
12 November 2019, ZDNet

AWS data lake and data warehouse options for the cloud
14 November 2019, TechTarget

Tableau, AWS Extend Alliance With Cloud Analytics Initiative
14 November 2019, CRN: The Biggest Tech News For Partners And The IT Channel

Amazon Pulls Plug on Oracle Databases
17 October 2019, EnterpriseAI

AWS, Genesys, Salesforce Purvey New Open Data Model
13 November 2019, SDxCentral

provided by Google News

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

provided by Google News

DBmaestro Brings Database Release Automation to MySQL, MariaDB, and Amazon RDS
30 October 2019, Database Trends and Applications

MariaDB Deepens Leadership Bench to Accelerate Cloud-Centric Innovation
21 October 2019, Half Moon Bay Review

Striim Introduces Bi-Directional Server for Data Modernization in Hybrid Cloud Deployments; New Enhancements in Release 3.9.7 for Google Spanner, Azure Synapse Analytics, Azure Cosmos DB, MySQL, MariaDB
13 November 2019, Business Wire

Running sysbench on RDS MySQL, RDS MariaDB, and Amazon Aurora MySQL via SSL/TLS
6 November 2019, idk.dev

Microsoft announces reserved capacity offerings for six more Azure services
14 November 2019, Neowin

provided by Google News

What A Free Oracle Database Means To These 4 Developers
28 October 2019, Forbes

Amazon Quits Oracle Database for Good
16 October 2019, SDxCentral

Rimini Street Announces Global Availability of Application Management Services for Oracle Database and Applications
8 November 2019, MarTech Series

Amazon Migrates Away From Oracle DB
24 October 2019, iProgrammer

Amazon's Multiyear Plan to Dump Oracle Is Complete
22 October 2019, Motley Fool

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Professional Services Consultant Intern - 2020 United States
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Business Intelligence Engineer (AWS)
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Business Analyst II
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Global and Strategic Accounts - Databases
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Business Operations Manager
Amazon Web Services, Inc., New York, NY

Architect, GeForce NOW - Cloud
NVIDIA, Santa Clara, CA

Cloud Admin
Avani Technology Solutions Inc, Orange, CA

Business Intelligence Developer
Early Warning Services, Scottsdale, AZ

Assistant Vice President, Service Delivery Technology Lead
Deutsche Bank, New York, NY

Big Data Lead
Brillio, Santa Clara, CA

Junior Game Developer
Mobcrush Inc, Santa Monica, CA

UH Web Administrator
University of Houston, Houston, TX

MySQL DBA - remote
Percona, Remote

Technical Support Specialist III/ Server Administrator
State of Utah, Salt Lake County, UT

CentOS Support Engineer
Perforce Software, Minneapolis, MN

Oracle Essbase Consultant / Architect
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

OBIEE+ Consultant / Architect (Oracle Business Intelligence - Enterprise Edition + Hyperion Reports + Hyperion Analyzer)
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

Principal Architect, Data Management (Oracle Design/Development/Modeling)
BNY Mellon, New York, NY

Database Administrator II
ANSYS, Canonsburg, PA

Sr Database Administrator
United Biosource Corporation, Overland Park, KS

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here