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DBMS > Oracle

Oracle System Properties

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Our visitors often compare Oracle with Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL and PostgreSQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle
DescriptionWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1274.92
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperOracle
Initial release1980
Current release19c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Oracle
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

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25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

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Recent citations in the news

Google will stop using Oracle's finance software and adopt SAP instead
5 April 2021, CNBC

Oracle Announces Next Gen Autonomous Data Warehouse, Expands Addressable Market
17 March 2021, Forbes

Extraordinary Growth of Relational Database Management System Market by 2028| Oracle Corporation, MarkLogic, Microsoft Corporation – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
12 April 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Oracle Is Shifting to the Cloud. It Won't Be Quick, Analyst Says.
22 March 2021, Barron's

NoSQL Market Size, Share and Top Companies Analysis By – MariaDB, MongoDB, Oracle Database, IBM Corporation, PostgreSQL, Hibernate, Couchbase – SoccerNurds
12 April 2021, SoccerNurds

provided by Google News

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