DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL System Properties

Please select another system to compare it with PostgreSQL.

Our visitors often compare PostgreSQL with MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server and MariaDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score542.40
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release13.0, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
The PostgreSQL Community edition helps you easily lift and shift to the cloud, using languages and frameworks of your choice. On top of that, you get built-in high availability and capability to scale in seconds, helping you easily adjust to changes in customer demands
Additionally, you benefit from the unparalleled security and compliance, including Azure IP advantage, as well as Azure’s industry leading reach. All this with a flexible pricing model so you can choose resources for your workload with no hidden cost
Azure Database for PostgreSQL
CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Introducing Flexible Server in Azure Database for PostgreSQL & MySQL | Azure Friday - Microsoft
30 October 2020, Channel 9

EDB to Host Free Virtual Conference for PostgreSQL Users in Europe
29 October 2020, RealWire

PostgreSQL 13 advances popular open source database
1 October 2020, TechTarget

PostgreSQL vs MySQL for Robotics Companies: What Are the Similarities and Differences?
9 October 2020, Robotics and Automation News

Global RDBMS Software Market 2026 The leading Industry Players : Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite, IBM etc.
29 October 2020, TechnoWeekly

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Junior Engineer
Cutover, New York, NY

Staff Engineer
Eaze, Remote

Product Analyst
Game Insight, Remote

Software Generalist – Fullstack
Burstorm, San Carlos, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here