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DBMS > PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL System Properties

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score618.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release14.4, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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Related products and services
Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Timescale Releases Third State of PostgreSQL Report
29 July 2022, PR Newswire

How to Work With a PostgreSQL Database Using psql Commands - MUO
20 July 2022, MakeUseOf

Install PostgreSQL pgAdmin 4 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Linux
4 August 2022, Linux Shout

How to return data from Postgresql pool in NodeJS?
1 August 2022, SitePoint

How to Create a CRUD API Using Node, PostgresSQL, and Express - MUO
28 July 2022, MakeUseOf

provided by Google News

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