DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL System Properties

Please select another system to compare it with PostgreSQL.

Our visitors often compare PostgreSQL with Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL and Oracle.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score478.72
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release11.2, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
The PostgreSQL Community edition helps you easily lift and shift to the cloud, using languages and frameworks of your choice. On top of that, you get built-in high availability and capability to scale in seconds, helping you easily adjust to changes in customer demands
Additionally, you benefit from the unparalleled security and compliance, including Azure IP advantage, as well as Azure’s industry leading reach. All this with a flexible pricing model so you can choose resources for your workload with no hidden cost
Azure Database for PostgreSQL
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Should I Support Postgres In-House?
23 April 2019, Computer Business Review

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

Swarm64 Introduces Hardware Accelerator for PostgreSQL on Xilinx Alveo Accelerator Cards
27 March 2019, Finger Lakes Times

"Feature" of PostgreSQL 9.3 could enable hackers to execute code; affects Mac, Windows, Linux
1 April 2019, SC Magazine UK

PostgreSQL security: a quick look at authentication best practices [Tutorial]
12 April 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Analyst - Houston, TX
Shell, Houston, TX

Automation Engineer, Software Developer
Staples, Framingham, MA

Front End Visualization Developer - Contractor
EY, Houston, TX

Data Analyst
Revel, Brooklyn, NY

Oil & Gas Data Analyst
Bazean, Houston, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Neo4j logo

Get your step-by-step guide comparing RDBMS to graph databases, including data models, query languages, and deployment strategies.

Present your product here