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DBMS > MariaDB

MariaDB System Properties

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 1995
Current release10.11.3, May 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesAda
JavaScript (Node.js)
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Specific characteristics

MariaDB fully managed cloud service

SkySQL is a second generation cloud database service that automates deployment, management and scaling of MariaDB Enterprise Server, Xpand, and ColumnStore database instances, surrounded by a comprehensive set of the following included services:  

  • Intuitive self-service UX with options for auto-scaling up and down (vertical node scaling) and in and out (active HA nodes)

  • Serverless Analytics powered by Apache Spark with Zero-ETL from SkySQL databases, S3 and other object stores

  • Notebook powered by Apache Zepellin for data science and ad hoc analytics

  • SQL Query Editor for provisioned databases

  • Observability services for log collection, event management, alerting, and customized data-centric dashboards 

  • SkyDBA fractional DBA-as-a-service (optional)

SkySQL is built on Kubernetes and runs on AWS and Google Cloud Platform.

MariaDB open source SQL dialect and implementation

MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON support, Oracle Database compatibility, continuous availability and comprehensive security.

MariaDB can be deployed as a standard database, a distributed SQL database or as a data warehouse. It supports transactional, analytical and hybrid transactional/analytical processing (HTAP) with row storage for fast transactions and columnar storage for scalable analytics.

MariaDB's versatility stems from its pluggable storage engine architecture, with different storage engines optimized for different workloads. 

MariaDB database portfolio (on-premise, private cloud, or SkySQL deployment options)

MariaDB Xpand is a distributed SQL engine for MariaDB, providing it with unlimited read, write and storage scalability via distributed transactions, tables and indexes.

MariaDB ColumnStore is a columnar storage engine for MariaDB, transforming it into a data warehouse for interactive, ad hoc analytics at scale. In addition, it has optional support for massively parallel processing and object storage (e.g., Amazon S3).

MariaDB MaxScale is an advanced database proxy for MariaDB. It abstracts away the physical database infrastructure so developers don't have to worry about using separate read/write connections or handling load balancing, and DBAs can add replicas/nodes or perform upgrades without interrupting production applications.

MariaDB Enterprise Server is an enhanced, hardened and secured version of MariaDB created to provide customers with enterprise reliability, stability and long-term support.

Competitive advantages

Second generation cloud database service, SkySQL

MariaDB plc is focused on delivering affordable and accessible database innovation you won’t find in first generation cloud database services.  With the Hyperscaler database services you don’t get multicloud, cloud-native technology and intelligent automation with an intuitive and comprehensive set of services easy used by both IT professionals (DBAs, CloudOps) as well as developers, engineerings, scientists and analysts.  If you know SQL and have used SaaS apps, you can easily use SkySQL.

MariaDB Servers have many features unavailable in other open source relational databases.

  • Encryption at rest
  • Point-in-time rollback
  • Multi-master clustering
  • Encryption at rest
  • Sharding
  • Table and log compression
  • Temporal tables
  • Oracle PL/SQL compatibility
  • Columnar storage

MariaDB provides additional features previously unseen in open source relational databases.

Zero Interruption Failover (ZIF) preserves existing connections, recovers any in-flight transactions and retries any failed queries, making database instance failures completely transparent to applications.

Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) stores data in both row and columnar formats, enabling customer-facing transactional applications to incorporate fast analytics on near real-time data.

Distributed SQL allows for unlimited scaling on demand, capable of handling millions of transactions per second with strong consistency and continuous availability with zonal awareness.

Typical application scenarios

Web, SaaS and Cloud operational applications that require high availability, scalability and performance for transactional and analytical processing workloads.  With MariaDB SkySQL, you get a fully-managed Cloud Database service that empowers developers, engineers, analysts, scientists and other power users to rapidly build and deploy data-centric applications with little or no IT support, up-front cost, or long-term commitments - critical for small to medium size enterprises or departmental operations within larger organizations.

Key customers

Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens

Featured customer stories

Market metrics

MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux, and the cloud stacks offered by Pivotal Cloud Foundry and Rackspace.

Licensing and pricing models
MariaDB plc subscriptions cover our free, open source database, Community Server, production databases including MariaDB Enterprise Server, ColumnStore, MaxScale, Xpand, and our MariaDB SkySQL Cloud Database service.  Subscriptions can be product-specific with optional service and support contracts for contracted, extended periods of time.  Additionally, SkySQL offers AWS and GCP marketplace subscriptions for onDemand, pay-as-you-go subscription services.
Related products and services
Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

MariaDB Health Checks Plugin Now Available on WordPress.org
24 May 2023, WP Tavern

MariaDB's Xpand offers PostgreSQL compatibility without the forking drama
10 May 2023, The Register

MariaDB CEO: People who want things free also want to have very nice vacations
16 May 2023, The Register

MariaDB Announces Second Quarter Fiscal 2023 Financial Results
8 May 2023, Business Wire

MariaDB to Announce Second Quarter Fiscal 2023 Financial ...
2 May 2023, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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