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DBMS > HBase vs. MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison HBase vs. MongoDB vs. MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Redis

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMSIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score44.16
Rank#23  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score469.97
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1220.69
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1274.92
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score155.89
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitehbase.apache.orgwww.mongodb.comwww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­databaseredis.io
Technical documentationhbase.apache.orgdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaseredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMongoDB, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracleSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release20082009199519802009
Current release2.3.4, January 20214.4.5, April 20218.0.23 , January 202119c, February 20196.2.1 , March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleLua
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyesno infopublish/subscribe channels provide limited trigger functionality
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keyshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)Multi-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
HBaseMongoDBMySQLOracleRedis
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
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MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
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Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
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Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
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Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
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125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
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