DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > EsgynDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison EsgynDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOpen source graph databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.17
Rank#263  Overall
#123  Relational DBMS
Score27.89
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score503.37
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteesgyn.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseneo4j.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationesgyn.com/­developersdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaseneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperEsgynMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2015201020071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV123.5.8, July 201912.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++, JavaC++Java, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored ProceduresTransact SQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication between multi datacentersyes, with always 3 replicas availableCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
EsgynDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsCapabilities for Operational/Transactional Workloads Deep Integration with HBase...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesEsgynDB is ideally suited to supporting Hybrid Transactional and Analytical Processing...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosIdeally suited to scenarios where high speed continuous data ingestion is required...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersEsgynDB's customers are worldwide, with several in the Global Fortune 500, including...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsEsgynDB Enterprise Edition is the commercially supported version of Apache Trafodion...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Schema-Based Security, Starwars Galaxy Graph, Querying Wikidata
14 December 2019

#GraphCast: The Graphistania Podcast Is Back!
13 December 2019

Demographics Master Data at Citigroup
12 December 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Full Text Search Tips and Tricks, Learning Geography, MongoDB to Graph
7 December 2019

Graphs on GPUs: 5-Minute Interview with Saul Rosales
6 December 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
EsgynDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Esgyn Strato: Esgyn announces a Hybrid / Multi Cloud Big Data Platform Service to run and optimize your business
30 November 2018, Markets Insider

Mphasis partners with Esgyn Corporation to provide specialized solutions to clients looking to harness big data
28 May 2019, Moneycontrol

Mphasis partners with Esgyn Corporation to optimize Open-Source frameworks and expand industry footprint
24 May 2019, PRNewswire

The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache® Trafodion™ as a Top-Level Project
10 January 2018, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Overview of Azure SQL Database Networking
25 November 2019, Database Journal

IDERA SQL Diagnostic Manager for SQL Server 10.5 Expands Performance Monitoring On-Premises and in the Cloud
3 December 2019, Associated Press

Microsoft Announces Azure Blockchain Tokens and Blockchain Data Manager
9 December 2019, Database Trends and Applications

How to share SQL tables and views using Azure Data Share - Microsoft
29 November 2019, Channel 9

Microsoft Extends Azure Security Center Capabilities to Partners, Adds Automation
25 November 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market 2019 SWOT Analysis | triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
13 December 2019, News Appear

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Graph Database Market 2019 Growth Strategies | triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
5 December 2019, Premier Herald 24

Global Graph Database Market 2019 – IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j
24 November 2019, The Chicago Sentinel

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Faster PostgreSQL connection recovery
2 December 2019, The Guardian

PostgREST Turns PostGRE RESTful
21 November 2019, iProgrammer

Crunchy Certified PostGIS Achieves Open Geospatial Consortium Compliance
10 December 2019, PRNewswire

Aiven Becomes First Cloud Service to Provide Hosted PostgreSQL 12
19 November 2019, PR Web

PostgreSQL committer Stephen Frost shares his vision for PostgreSQL version 12 and beyond
4 December 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Database Administrator
City of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

SQL Database Administrator
Plante Moran, Southfield, MI

Database Administrator
Salt Lake County, Salt Lake City, UT

SQL Escalation Engineer
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Cloud SQL Server DBA
Revenue Solutions, Inc., Roseville, CA

Data Analyst - Neo4J - Data Scientist
Capgemini, Atlanta, GA

AI Scientist (PwC Labs)
PwC, Tampa, FL

Data Scientist
Booz Allen Hamilton, McLean, VA

Data Execution Analyst
Bank of America, Charlotte, NC

Developer
Bank of America, Charlotte, NC

Data Visualization Analyst
Alluma, Oakland, CA

PostgreSQL-Developer
Wipro Limited, San Jose, CA

Information Systems Analyst
County of Alameda, Oakland, CA

Frontend Chat Engineer - Cryptowatch (Remote)
kraken, Remote

Senior PostgreSQL Architect
EnterpriseDB, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Present your product here