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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server

Microsoft SQL Server System Properties

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft SQL Server with Oracle, MySQL and PostgreSQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMS
Database modelRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-resources
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Initial release1989
Current releaseSQL Server 2016, June 2016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsWindows
Data schemeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of (almost entire) SQL standard (DML, DDL and DCL statements)yes
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC++
JavaScript (Node.js)
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL and .NET languages
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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3rd party products and services
Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST

We connect data for 350+ technology partners around the globe including 8 of the top 9 Business Intelligence and Analytics platforms. We co-founded the ODBC specification and serve on the JDBC Expert Group, OData Technical Committee for REST APIs and ANSI SQL Committee.

Devart: Any SQL Server Tool you Need
Devart logo

Any SQL Server Tool you Need

dbForge Studio for SQL Server

dbForge Studio for SQL Server

IDE for SQL Server management, adminstration, development, data reporting and analysis


dotConnect for SQL Server

dotConnect for SQL Server

Enhanced ADO.NET data provider for direct access to SQL Server


ODBC Driver for SQL Server

SQL Server ODBC Driver

Easy and code-free connection of your app with SQL Server from Windows, Linux, MacOS


SSIS Data Flow Components

SSIS Data Flow Components

Integrate your database and clound data via SQL Server Integration services


Devart Excel Add-in for SQL Server

Excel Add-in for SQL Server

Use full power of Microsoft Excel with your SQL Server Data


SQL Server Data Access Components

SQL Server Data Access Components for Delphi

Native connectivity to SQL Server from Delphi, C++Builder, Lazarus


Check more SQL Server tools! More Devart products for SQL Server

We invite representatives of 3rd party vendors to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL Server
DB-Engines blog posts

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

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Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2017
Seattle, Washington, USA, 31 October 2017 - 3 November 2017

Recent citations in the news

How Microsoft brought SQL Server to Linux
17 July 2017, TechCrunch

Microsoft Delivers First SQL Server 2017 Release Candidate
19 July 2017, eWeek

Microsoft Rolls Out Linux Support in SQL Server 2017 Release Candidate
19 July 2017, LinuxInsider.com

New diagnostic add-in available for SSMS 2016 and 2017 for self ...
3 July 2017, SQL Server Pro

Setting up SQL Server High-Availability between Windows and Linux with SQL Server 2017 - Microsoft
13 July 2017, Channel 9

provided by Google News

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