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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server

Microsoft SQL Server System Properties

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1040.05
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperMicrosoft
Initial release1989
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Data schemeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Related products and services
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL Server
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Recent citations in the news

What Is SQL Server? (+5 best Relational Databases in 2019)
29 January 2019, G2 Crowd

5 trends for SQL Server environments as SQL Server 2019 looms
1 February 2019, TechTarget

How to troubleshoot Remote Procedure Call errors & problems
17 February 2019, TWCN Tech News

SQL Server 2019 improves Linux, container support
17 December 2018, TechTarget

Microsoft hopes it has a sequel better than Godfather Part II: SQL Server 2019 previewed
27 September 2018, The Register

provided by Google News

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