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DBMS > Couchbase vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Key-value store based on Berkeley DB Java Edition
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.99
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score85.57
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.57
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.html
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle
Initial release201120092011
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 201910.4.10, November 201918.3, November 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Electable Master-Slave per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDBOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDBOracle NoSQL
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

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