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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOne of the most popular document stores
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score122.98
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score34.59
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score387.18
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchbase.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCouchbase, Inc.MongoDB, Inc
Initial release200820112009
Current release3.11.3, August 20186.0.0, October 20184.0.5, December 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (N1QL)Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API infoonly for server administration
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMongoDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation’s GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
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Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMongoDB
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DataStax Accelerate, Apache Cassandra Conference
National Harbor, Maryland, USA, 21-23 May 2019

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