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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Couchbase

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Couchbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilities
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.11
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score28.69
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.couchbase.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchbase.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCouchbase, Inc.
Initial release20082011
Current release4.0.6, August 2022Server: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Number
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScript
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocol
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral buckets
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
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Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for Apache Cassandra: A truly distributed database that can handle large volumes of writes.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase
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Conferences and events

Cassandra Day London
London, UK, 11 October 2022

Recent citations in the news

Why Choose a NoSQL Database? There Are Many Great Reasons
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