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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA multi-model DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.29
Rank#67  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Score1215.14
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score478.72
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperArangoDB GmbH / triagens GmbHOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201219951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.4.0, December 20188.0.15, February 201911.2, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaScriptC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Raspbian
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON style queries
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBMySQLPostgreSQL
News

What Makes ArangoDB a Graph Database?
18 April 2019

Building HIPAA Compliant Applications With ArangoDB
5 April 2019

Early Bird Sign-up Open for ArangoDB Managed Service
28 March 2019

Steps to reduce ArangoDB’s resource footprint
21 March 2019

ArangoDB receives Series A Funding led by Bow Capital
14 March 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBMySQLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

ArangoDB raises $10 million for NoSQL database management
14 March 2019, VentureBeat

Extensive Study Graph Database Market 2019 by Key Players Analysis-IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, Orientdb, Teradata, Tibco Software
22 April 2019, Microfinance Observer

Ouster, Determined AI, and Sendoso top San Francisco's recent funding news
29 March 2019, KGO-TV

Attractive Market Opportunities in the Graph Database Market by 2027
19 April 2019, Amazing Newspaper

ArangoDB NoSQL database platform updates to 3.4 | ADM
6 December 2018, App Developer Magazine

provided by Google News

Oracle splats 300 vulns in MySQL, Database, Fusion, etc, pours fresh brew of Java SE terms
16 April 2019, The Register

Oracle Management Software Supplier Adds Security Patching for MySQL and SQL Server
16 April 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Using Ethereum Logic Apps to push ledger data into to a MySQL or PostgreSQL database - Microsoft
25 March 2019, Channel 9

Top 10 Database Diagram Tools for MySQL
2 April 2019, Database Journal

Murach's MySQL 3rd Ed (Murach)
10 April 2019, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

PostgreSQL security: a quick look at authentication best practices [Tutorial]
12 April 2019, Packt Hub

"Feature" of PostgreSQL 9.3 could enable hackers to execute code; affects Mac, Windows, Linux
1 April 2019, SC Magazine UK

Swarm64 Introduces Hardware Accelerator for PostgreSQL on Xilinx Alveo Accelerator Cards
27 March 2019, Finger Lakes Times

Using Ethereum Logic Apps to push ledger data into to a MySQL or PostgreSQL database - Microsoft
25 March 2019, Channel 9

provided by Google News

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