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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA multi-model DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.66
Rank#65  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
Score1229.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score483.28
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperArangoDB GmbH / triagens GmbHOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201219951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.4.0, December 20188.0.16, April 201911.4, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaScriptC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Raspbian
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON style queries
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBMySQLPostgreSQL
News

RC4 of ArangoDB 3.5: Configurable Analyzers & other ArangoSearch Upgrades
26 June 2019

ArangoDB Included in DBTA 100: The Companies That Matter Most in Data
21 June 2019

RC3 ArangoDB 3.5: SmartJoins & Index Hints
4 June 2019

RC2 ArangoDB 3.5: Data Masking & Time-to-Live Index
24 May 2019

ArangoDB 3.5 RC1: Graph Database Improvements with PRUNE & k Shortest Paths
16 May 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Here's the pitch deck a German software startup used to raise $10 million to move to San Francisco and take on Oracle
23 June 2019, Business Insider

Global NoSQL Databases Software Market 2019 – MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic – Rise Media
17 July 2019, Rise Media

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15 July 2019, A Technology Market

ArangoDB raises $10 million for NoSQL database management
14 March 2019, VentureBeat

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Amazon Releases Aurora PostgreSQL Serverless to General Availability
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