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DBMS > MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare MySQL and PostgreSQL with Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle and MariaDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1167.29
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score473.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release19951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.0.15, February 201911.2, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
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2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MySQLPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Recent citations in the news

Database Cyber Security Guard Prevents Hacker Theft of MySQL Database Data
21 February 2019, PRNewswire

How to create tables and add data to MySQL database with MySQL Workbench
8 February 2019, TechRepublic

Learn MySQL painlessly with this online master class
18 February 2019, Boing Boing

How to set the AppArmor mode for a service in Ubuntu Server
21 February 2019, TechRepublic

Love data? Learn MySQL for a measly $11 with this online course.
23 January 2019, Mashable

provided by Google News

DigitalOcean Adds PostgreSQL Database To Its Growing Portfolio Of Managed Services
16 February 2019, Forbes

Case study: 2ndQuadrant and tastyworks – boosting PostgreSQL database performance by 400%
13 February 2019, Fintech Futures

DigitalOcean Kicks Off Managed Database Service With PostgreSQL Support
15 February 2019, SDxCentral

Microsoft acquires Citus Data, creators of a cloud-friendly version of the PostgreSQL database
24 January 2019, GeekWire

Get started with PostgreSQL on Azure
5 February 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

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