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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.55
Rank#69  Overall
#11  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score542.40
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.7.2.1, September 202013.0, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
News

ArangoML Part 3: Bootstrapping and Bias Variance
24 October 2020

ArangoML Part 2: Basic Arangopipe Workflow
9 October 2020

ArangoML Part 1: Where Graphs and Machine Learning Meet
25 September 2020

A story of a memory leak in GO: How to properly use time.After()
14 September 2020

ArangoDB 3.7 – A Big Step Forward for Multi-Model
27 August 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

(2020-2026) Key Value Database Market Share, Growth, Demand, Trends, Region Wise Analysis of Top Players and Forecasts
24 October 2020, PRnews Leader

Graph, machine learning, hype, and beyond: ArangoDB open source multi-model database releases version 3.7
27 August 2020, ZDNet

Global NoSQL Databases Software Market Top Manufacturers Analysis by 2026: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase etc.
20 October 2020, TechnoWeekly

Global Document Databases Software Market Top Manufacturers Analysis by 2026: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase etc.
20 October 2020, TechnoWeekly

Trending News: NoSQL Databases Software Market Analysis, Trends, Growth and Forecast 2020 to 2025| MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB
22 October 2020, PRnews Leader

provided by Google News

The year of PostgreSQL is every year
5 October 2020, Reseller News

PostgreSQL 13 advances popular open source database
1 October 2020, TechTarget

EDB Completes Acquisition of 2ndQuadrant; Becomes Largest Dedicated Provider of PostgreSQL Products and Solutions Worldwide
30 September 2020, Business Wire

Database footprints and Database as a Service continue to grow, but many companies facing unexpected cloud bills, according to Percona
20 October 2020, GlobeNewswire

Postgres Professional Makes Postgres Pro Enterprise Database 12 Available in Microsoft Azure Marketplace
21 October 2020, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

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