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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare ArangoDB and PostgreSQL with MongoDB, Neo4j and Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA multi-model DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.02
Rank#64  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score491.07
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperArangoDB GmbH / triagens GmbHPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.5.0, August 201912.0, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis: Built and supported by the creators of ArangoDB, Oasis provides fully hosted, managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security.
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaScriptC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Raspbian
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON style queries
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBPostgreSQL
News

How we built our managed service on Kubernetes
25 October 2019

ArangoDB Hot Backup – Creating consistent cluster-wide snapshots
9 October 2019

ArangoML Pipeline – A Common Metadata Layer for Machine Learning Pipelines
25 September 2019

libgcc: When exceptions collide
19 September 2019

Multi-Model Database ArangoDB 3.5 released – Distributed Joins, Streaming Transactions, extended GraphDB & Search Capabilities
19 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBPostgreSQL
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