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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Widely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.67
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.19
Rank#257  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
#120  Relational DBMS
Score1355.88
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftgrakn.aiwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Grakn Labs LtdOracle
Initial release201220161980
Current release1.5.8, August 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin PythonnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using Cassandrahorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftGRAKN.AIOracle
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftGRAKN.AIOracle
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Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

Recent citations in the news

GoodData and Amazon Redshift Form Partnership
10 October 2019, Database Trends and Applications

GoodData BI customers now able to use data on Amazon Redshift
8 October 2019, TechTarget

Amazon migrates more than 100 consumer services from Oracle to AWS databases
15 October 2019, TechCrunch

Amazon Pulls Plug on Oracle Databases
17 October 2019, EnterpriseAI

Amazon ditches Oracle in favour of its own cloud service
17 October 2019, The New Economy

provided by Google News

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

Kannur-based startup ArticBot bets big on machine learning
28 October 2017, YourStory.com

Oracle launches startup cloud accelerator in Bristol
20 September 2017, Cloud Pro

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Amazon's Consumer business shuts down last Oracle database to use AWS
15 October 2019, Business Insider

Amazon Pulls Plug on Oracle Databases
17 October 2019, EnterpriseAI

Amazon ditches Oracle in favour of its own cloud service
17 October 2019, The New Economy

4 Technology Shifts That Are Reshaping The Enterprise Database
26 September 2019, Forbes

Biggest Headway in Oracle Database Software Market to Access Global Industry Players like Tronox, Metinvest, Sorelmetal and DMZ
18 October 2019, Market Report Gazette

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