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DBMS > Oracle vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Oracle vs. TypeDB

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Our visitors often compare Oracle and TypeDB with Neo4j, GraphDB and Elasticsearch.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMSTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1269.94
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#188  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#93  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­databasegrakn.ai
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperOracleGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release19802016
Current release19c, February 20192.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQLyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
OracleTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Today’s Biomedical Research Requires New Technologies
12 March 2021

A Clinical Decision Support System Built With a Knowledge Graph
16 February 2021

You’re Invited to Grakn Orbit 2021
12 February 2021

How to Succeed with Your First Grakn Project
12 February 2021

Grakn 2.0 Alpha: best practices of Distributed Systems and Computer Science
13 January 2021

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More resources
OracleTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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