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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used RDBMSWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.78
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#165  Overall
#24  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score1336.07
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score2.91
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBOracleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release2012201319801994
Current release6.1.11, July 201919c, February 201918.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnonoyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracleOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
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