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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.78
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#165  Overall
#24  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score1.13
Rank#141  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1336.07
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orggraphdb.ontotext.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBOntotextOracle
Initial release2012201320001980
Current release6.1.11, July 20198.8, January 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++JavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlySPARQL is used as query languageyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyJava Server PluginPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyes infoConstraint checkingyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOracle
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOracle
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