DB-EngineseXtremeDB: 5 9's high availability databaseEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.41
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#167  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score1.32
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1340.26
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orggraphdb.ontotext.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBOntotextOracle
Initial release2012201320001980
Current release6.2.11, November 20198.8, January 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++JavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictednoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlySPARQL is used as query languageyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyJava Server PluginPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyes infoConstraint checkingyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOracle
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

Boosting Cybersecurity Efficiency with Knowledge Graphs
9 July 2020

Star Wars: Knowledge Graph Federation
24 June 2020

Computer Vision Technology for Boosting Retailers’ Marketing & Product Management  
18 June 2020

If Curiosity Cabinets Were Knowledge Graphs
4 June 2020

On the Hunt for Patterns: from Hippocrates to Supercomputers
18 May 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftFoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
Webinar, 5 pm CEST / 12 pm EDT / 6 pm EEST, 14 May 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Develop an application migration methodology to modernize your data warehouse with Amazon Redshift
13 July 2020, idk.dev

The fundamental issues with Amazon Redshift
30 June 2020, ITProPortal

Restrict Amazon Redshift Spectrum external table access to Amazon Redshift IAM users and groups using role chaining
6 July 2020, idk.dev

Best practices for Amazon Redshift Federated Query
16 June 2020, idk.dev

Moovit embraces data lake architecture by extending their Amazon Redshift cluster to analyze billions of data points every day
24 June 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

Mobile Power Generation Equipment Rentals Market 2020 | Covid19 Impact Analysis | Business Outlook, Growth, Revenue, Trends and Forecasts 2026 | Couchbase, Fujitsu, SAS Institute, Rackspace, Microsoft
13 July 2020, Daily Research Chronicles

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Oracle Autonomous Database Now Available In Customer Datacenters
9 July 2020, MarTech Series

Hey Larry Ellison: Top Microsoft Priority Is Replacing Oracle Databases
15 June 2020, Cloud Wars

Optimize Your Oracle Database for a Multi-cloud World
7 July 2020, ITPro Today

Larry Ellison's 3-Point Plan to Beat Amazon: Autonomous, Performance, Security
13 July 2020, Cloud Wars

How Propre eases its database management woes
1 July 2020, ComputerWeekly.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Redshift Development Manager
Amazon.com Services LLC, East Palo Alto, CA

Solutions Architect - Amazon Chime SDK
Amazon Web Services, Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Data Engineer, Digital and Computational Pathology
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY

Data Analyst 3
Nordstrom, Seattle, WA

Solutions Architect - Amazon Chime SDK
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Engineer - Platform Integration
ANDURIL INDUSTRIES, Irvine, CA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Inc., Wexford, PA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Wexford, PA

Software Engineer, Supply Chain Automation
Tesla, Fremont, CA

Senior Software Engineer - Streaming
Epic Games, Bellevue, WA

Knowledge Graph Evangelist and RDF Guru
ONTOTEXT, New York, NY

Oracle Database Administrator (DBA)
C3 Business Solutions, Newport Beach, CA

Oracle Database Administrator
Virginia Dept of Taxation, Richmond, VA

Oracle Database Programmer
Information Analysis, United States

Oracle DBA
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Raritan, NJ

Oracle Database Developer
General Dynamics Information Technology, Raleigh, NC

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Arangodb logo

One open-source engine for graph, document & search. Simplify your deployment
stack on Prem, in the cloud - Anywhere.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here