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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used RDBMSColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1355.88
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score22.51
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.vertica.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.vertica.com/­documentation/­vertica
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OracleVertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release200719802005
Current release3.5.8, July 201919c, February 2019Vertica Analytics Platform 9.2.x, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoavailable on Amazon AWS and Microsoft Azure
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Kafka
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOracleVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Columnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Performance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more
News

How Boston Scientific Improves Manufacturing Quality Using Graph Analytics
16 October 2019

Overcoming CCPA Compliance Challenges: What Is CCPA?
14 October 2019

This Week in Neo4j – NODES Keynote, Cypher Eager Operator, Releases of Neo4j OGM and jQAssistant
12 October 2019

Announcing the Global GraphHack Winners!
11 October 2019

Empowering Educators: Neo4j’s New Program for Classroom Instruction
10 October 2019

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOracleVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j equips educators with data graphing teaching tools
10 October 2019, TechRepublic

Neo4j Launches Program to Empower Educators
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

NEORIS Demonstrates the Power of Graph Knowledge Management to Enable Predictive Analytics at Neo4j GraphTour New York
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

Graph Database Market 2019 Status Analysis : triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
16 October 2019, News Adopt

Neo4j Gets Hooks Into Kafka
1 October 2019, Datanami

provided by Google News

Amazon's Consumer business shuts down last Oracle database to use AWS
15 October 2019, Business Insider

4 Technology Shifts That Are Reshaping The Enterprise Database
26 September 2019, Forbes

We're free in 3… 2… 1! Amazon unhooks its last Oracle database, nothing breaks and life goes on
17 October 2019, Market Research Feed

Larry Ellison Details 4 Database Innovations Including A New Free Version
17 September 2019, Forbes

For Data-Driven Companies, Oracle Expands Its ‘Integrated Cloud’
18 September 2019, Forbes

provided by Google News

Micro Focus Announces Vertica in Eon Mode for Pure Storage
17 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

How ML Helps Solve the Big Data Transform/Mastering Problem
10 October 2019, Datanami

Diamanti Appoints Andrew Wild as Chief Revenue Officer
18 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

Reviewing Akoustis Technologies Inc. (AKTS)'s and Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company (NYSE:HPE)'s results
15 October 2019, MЕSА Wееkly

You Can't Do Machine Learning Inside a Database. Can You?
1 April 2019, Datanami

provided by Google News

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