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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Vertica

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Our visitors often compare Neo4j and Vertica with Oracle, PostgreSQL and Snowflake.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score52.16
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score20.56
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.vertica.com/­docs/­10.0.x/­HTML/­Content/­Home.htm
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Vertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release20072005
Current release4.2.3, January 2021Vertica 10.0 Software, May 2020
Vertica for SQL on Hadoop 10.0 Software, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Columnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Performance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more
News

Unearthing Historical Networks Using Neo4j and Archival Documents
25 February 2021

Top 10 Use Cases: Empowering Network and IT Operations Management
22 February 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Structured data embedded in web pages, Speaker Listener LPA, Neo4j at NASA
20 February 2021

Graphs for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
18 February 2021

Top 10 Use Cases: Supply Chain Management
15 February 2021

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Recent citations in the news

Neo4j Continues Exceptional Growth in 2020, Bolstered by Customer Wins, Mainstream Adoption and Community Expansion
17 February 2021, PRNewswire

Introducing Neo4j Aura Enterprise: The Cloud Graph Database Chosen by Leading Brands
27 January 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j brings Graph Database to the Cloud -
28 January 2021, Enterprise Times

Graph Database Market Latest Technological Advancements 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph. – NeighborWebSJ
22 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Graph Databases Software Market to have a Major Impact on the Market During 2021-2027 | Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation – FLA News
23 February 2021, FLA News

provided by Google News

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18 February 2021, PRNewswire

Database Management Software Market is Expected To Pick Up In Healthy CAGR BY 2021-2026 , Top Keyplayers – , Actian Corporation, iWay Software, Embarcadero Technologies, etc. – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
5 February 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

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