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DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1252.06
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1322.93
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score3.70
Rank#87  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#116  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlpingcap.com
Technical documentationdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OraclePingCAP, Inc.
Initial release1995198019942016
Current release8.0.23 , January 202119c, February 201918.1 (Core), June 20184.0.10 , January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Go, Rust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenono
Triggersyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
MySQLOracleOracle Berkeley DBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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