DBMS > TiDB
TiDB System Properties
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Description||TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Current release||5.0.0, April 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.|
|Implementation language||Go, Rust|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning (by key range)|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes with TiSpark Connector|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no currently only supported in syntax|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional and Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads and is suitable for various use cases that require high availability and strong consistency with large-scale data.
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one database for online transactional processing (OLTP) and another for online analytical processing (OLAP). Seeing no good solution that can do both in real-time, PingCAP cofounders decided to build a globally scalable Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database the open-source way.
Now, a new storage component that’s columnar-based, called TiFlash (currently in beta) is being introduced, that sits alongside TiKV.
|Typical application scenarios|
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB, the stateless SQL layer compatible with MySQL, for OLTP and ad-hoc OLAP workload, and TiSpark, the TiDB connector for Spark, to process complex OLAP queries.
|Licensing and pricing models|
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service subscription model.
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|Recent citations in the news|
PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
PingCAP launches TiDB Cloud, a fully-managed database as a service offering
PingCAP raises $270M to develop core technologies and advance global expansion of its offerings
TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
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