DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Virtuoso

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score86.77
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score27.51
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score2.73
Rank#89  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#46  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasevirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasedocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftOpenLink Software
Initial release200920101998
Current release10.4.8, September 2019V128.2, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
HTTP API
OLE DB
WebDAV
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Transact SQLyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

MariaDB and Palisade Compliance Partner to Help Companies Get Unstuck From Oracle
20 September 2019, PRNewswire

Percona Announces New Distribution of PostgreSQL to Provide Expanded Support for Open Source Databases
17 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

SmartStyle Turns to Percona Support to Provide Enhanced Customer Service
24 September 2019, GlobeNewswire

For MariaDB, it’s time to put the pieces together
27 February 2019, ZDNet

7 MySQL and MariaDB features you don't want to miss
26 June 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

How to manage R packages in Azure SQL Database with sqlmlutils - Microsoft
10 October 2019, Channel 9

How to switch an existing Azure SQL Database from Provisioned Compute to Serverless - Microsoft
26 September 2019, Channel 9

How to switch an existing Azure SQL Database to Hyperscale - Microsoft
19 September 2019, Channel 9

Azure Database Updates: Hot patching; SQL Database; Auto-failover groups; Data Factory; Cosmos DB composite indexes
26 September 2019, MSDynamicsWorld.com

Implementing SQL Server Integration Services with Azure Data Factory
16 September 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Junior Game Developer
Mobcrush Inc, Santa Monica, CA

CentOS Support Engineer
Perforce Software, Minneapolis, MN

Data Engineer - McAllen, TX
Vantage Bank Texas, McAllen, TX

Information Research Specialist, KLS
Harvard University, Boston, MA

MySQL DBA [USA, West Coast Hours]
Percona, Remote

Microshot SQL Server DBA Data Engineer
DXC, Alabama

Developer Operations (DevOps) Engineer
Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA

Data and Advanced Analytics Consultant
ACTS, Inc., Jacksonville, FL

SQL Database Administrator / SSIS Developer
Plante Moran, Southfield, MI

Entry Level Azure Data Engineer - Perfect for recent grad!
Quisitive, Dallas, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here