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DBMS > IBM Cloudant vs. Kdb+ vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison IBM Cloudant vs. Kdb+ vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonKdb+  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBHigh performance Time Series DBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.84
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score8.10
Rank#55  Overall
#2  Time Series DBMS
Score104.36
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score83.25
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantkx.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationcloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantcode.kx.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Kx Systems, a division of First Derivatives plcMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release20102000 infokdb was released 2000, kdb+ in 200320092010
Current release3.6, May 201810.6.5, November 2021V12
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree 32-bit versionOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageErlangqC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infotable attribute 'grouped'yesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language (q)yes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP API
JDBC
Jupyter
Kafka
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
J
Java
JavaScript
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptuser defined functionsyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Transact SQL
Triggersyesyes infowith viewsyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno infosimilar paradigm used for internal processingnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possiblenoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaserights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
IBM CloudantKdb+MariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsIntegrated columnar database & programming system for streaming, real time and historical...
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesprovides seamless scalability; runs on industry standard server platforms; is top-ranked...
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariostick database streaming sensor data massive intelligence applications oil and gas...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersGoldman Sachs Morgan Stanley Merrill Lynch J.P. Morgan Deutsche Bank IEX Securities...
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricskdb+ performance and reliability proven by our customers in critical infrastructure...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsupon request
» more

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3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
IBM CloudantKdb+MariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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