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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. OpenQM

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. OpenQM

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOpenQM infoalso called QM  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOpen source graph databaseQpenQM is a high-performance, self-tuning, multi-value DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSMultivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.10
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score27.54
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#242  Overall
#10  Multivalue DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseneo4j.comwww.openqm.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaseneo4j.com/­docswww.openqm-zumasys.com/­support/­documentation
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.Martin Phillips
Initial release2000201020071993
Current release8.8, January 2019V123.5.8, July 20193.4-12
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes infowith some exceptions
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesnono
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Basic
C
Java
Objective C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginTransact SQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jOpenQM infoalso called QM
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – NODES 2019 Preview: Knowledge Graphs, Building a SurveyMonkey Clone, Sentiment Analysis with Neo4j and GCP
21 September 2019

SQL Server Advocate Turns Graph: 5-Minute Interview with Dee Pandian
20 September 2019

Connecting our Community with NODES 2019 Viewing Parties!
19 September 2019

How Graphs Enhance Artificial Intelligence
18 September 2019

NODES 2019: Announcing 52 Online Talks from Leading Graph Experts
17 September 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jOpenQM infoalso called QM
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Enriching text analytics with graph databases
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Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
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Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
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How to switch an existing Azure SQL Database to Hyperscale - Microsoft
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16 September 2019, Database Journal

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18 September 2019, The Register

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In love with the graph: Neo4j spreads the obsession of a new database one app at a time
13 September 2019, ZDNet

New Query Language for Graph Databases to Become International Standard
17 September 2019, PRNewswire

GQL (Graph Query Language) joins SQL as a Global Standards Project and is now the international standard declarative query language for graphs
19 September 2019, Packt Hub

Enriching text analytics with graph databases
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Neo4j & Thales Team Up to Offer Graph Data-at-Rest Encryption
23 July 2019, PRNewswire

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2 October 2018, Business Wire

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