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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOpen source graph database
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.32
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score52.63
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score48.92
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseneo4j.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaseneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release200020102007
Current release8.8, January 2019V124.0.5, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginTransact SQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4j
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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7 July 2020

Rethink Your Master Data: How Graphs and MDM Intersect
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This Week in Neo4j – Flask User Auth, COVID-19: The Effect of the Seasons, GDS Graph Embeddings
4 July 2020

#GraphCast: What Is a Graph Database in 10 Minutes
3 July 2020

Getting Started with Neo4j Fabric
2 July 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Conferences and events

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
Webinar, 5 pm CEST / 12 pm EDT / 6 pm EEST, 14 May 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Semantic Web Company and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Knowledge Graphs
17 June 2020, EnterpriseAI

Semantic Web Company and Ontotext Join Forces to Advance Enterprise Knowledge Graphs
16 June 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Elastic Jobs in Azure SQL Database - Part 1 | Data Exposed - Microsoft
18 June 2020, Channel 9

Elastic Jobs in Azure SQL Database - Part 2 | Data Exposed - Microsoft
25 June 2020, Channel 9

Why Azure SQL is Best For Developers - Part 1 - Microsoft
2 July 2020, Channel 9

SentryOne Partners with QBS Technology to Expand Distribution of Top-Rated Database Performance Monitoring and DataOps Solutions
16 June 2020, PR Newswire UK

Microsoft Azure CTO Mark Russinovich Gets Technical About Pandemic Capacity Fixes
16 June 2020, CRN: Technology news for channel partners and solution providers

provided by Google News

Introducing Bundle Layout and Support for MongoDB 4.2 and Neo4j 4.0
1 July 2020, PR Web

Change data capture from Neo4j to Amazon Neptune using Amazon Managed Streaming for Apache Kafka
22 June 2020, idk.dev

GPU Database Market Survey Report 2020-2026: Kinetica DB, OmniSci, Neo4j
1 July 2020, NJ MMA News

Graph Databases Software Market 2020 latest developments and prospects – SAP, Twitter, Neo4j, IBM, Oracle
22 June 2020, Cole of Duty

Global Graph Database Market 2020 – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
29 June 2020, Bandera County Courier

provided by Google News

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