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DBMS > Cassandra vs. HBase vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. HBase vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableOne of the most popular document stores
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score124.79
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score64.39
Rank#15  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score329.40
Rank#5  Overall
#5  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orghbase.apache.orgwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.datastax.comhbase.apache.orgdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMongoDB, Inc
Initial release200820082009
Current release3.11.1, October 20171.2.6, June 20173.4.9, September 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language) and an API based on Apache ThriftJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScript
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factorMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnono infoatomic operations within a single document possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess Control Lists (ACL) infoImplementation based on Hadoop and ZooKeeperAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHBaseMongoDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system driving...
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersBarracuda Networks, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best Buy, Comcast, eBay, Hulu,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, AstraZeneca, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, Department of Veteran Affairs,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by a quarter of the Fortune 100
» more
20 million downloads (growing at thousands downloads per day). 2,000+ customers including...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation’s GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

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3rd partiesProgress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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Progress DataDirect: Data connectivity across standard SQL and REST
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More resources
CassandraHBaseMongoDB
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London, United Kingdom, 8 November 2017

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