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DBMS > Cassandra vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. HBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.01
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score48.73
Rank#21  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orghbase.apache.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthbase.apache.org
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release20082008
Current release3.11.6, February 20202.2.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVRO
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHBase
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
CassandraHBase
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Recent citations in the news

Database Week: DataStax unleashed Astra managed Cassandra cloud
12 May 2020, ZDNet

"DataStax Astra makes the power of Apache Cassandra available to more developers"
29 May 2020, JAXenter

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7 May 2020, GlobeNewswire

DataStax Astra: A DBaaS that simplifies cloud-native Apache Cassandra application development
14 May 2020, Help Net Security

Instaclustr CTO on open source database as a service
22 May 2020, TechTarget

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4 October 2019, iProgrammer

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HBase: The database big data left behind
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