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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Druid vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Druid vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDruid  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOpen-source analytics data store designed for OLAP queries on timeseries dataCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.22
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.84
Rank#113  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#103  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgdruid.iowww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdruid.io/­docs/­latest/­design/­index.htmldocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMetamarkets Group and contributorsSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release200820122014
Current release3.11.4, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache license v2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL support via Apache Calcite adapteryes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JSON over HTTPCLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions
Triggersyesnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno infoavailable via extensionsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraDruidSnowflake
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
CassandraDruidSnowflake
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Conferences and events

DataStax Accelerate
San Diego, California, USA, 11-13 May 2020

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