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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.34
Rank#88  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score121.33
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20122014
Current release29.0.1, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
hosted
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache DruidSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
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Recent citations in the news

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