DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Axibase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Axibase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAxibase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable TimeSeries DBMS based on HBase with integrated rule engine and visualizationMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.21
Rank#286  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score618.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaxibase.com/­docs/­atsd/­financewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAxibase CorporationMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201319891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release15585SQL Server 2019, November 201914.5, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoCommunity Edition (single node) is free, Enterprise Edition (distributed) is paidcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoshort, integer, long, float, double, decimal, stringyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Proprietary protocol (Network API)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AxibaseMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Cloud Based Time Series Database Market See Huge Growth for New Normal | Alibaba, Amazon (AWS), AVEVA
25 July 2022, Digital Journal

Global Infrastructure Capacity Planning Tools Market Size, Share, Trends, Latest Innovations, Drivers, Dynamics And Strategic Analysis, Challenges 2022 By 2028
17 August 2022, NewsOrigins

Time Series Intelligence Software Market Size 2022 Booming Across the Globe by Share, Growth Size, Scope, Key
3 August 2022, openPR

provided by Google News

Datadog Extends Monitoring for Microsoft SQL Server and Microsoft Azure Database
17 August 2022, Datanami

SQL Server 2022: Here’s what you need to know
29 July 2022, TechRepublic

SQL Server 2022 New Features
22 July 2022, Petri.com

Maintain Optimal SQL Server Performance
15 August 2022, Redmondmag.com

Couldn't connect to West Europe SQL Databases last week? Blame operator error
25 July 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Timescale Releases Third State of PostgreSQL Report
29 July 2022, PR Newswire

More tenants, more vulnerabilities
16 August 2022, Protocol

How to Work With a PostgreSQL Database Using psql Commands - MUO
20 July 2022, MakeUseOf

Install PostgreSQL pgAdmin 4 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Linux
4 August 2022, Linux Shout

How to Create a CRUD API Using Node, PostgresSQL, and Express - MUO
28 July 2022, MakeUseOf

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Database Administrator
VV Tech Solutions, Austin, TX

Data Base Administrator (DBA) Microsoft SQL Server
Colorado Access, Aurora, CO

SQL Server Developer
Retail Backbone, Remote

SQL Server Developer
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

Jr. SQL Server Database Administrator
Xtivia Inc, Remote

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Xtivia Inc, Remote

PostgreSQL Apps DBA
Career Soft Solutions, Jersey City, NJ

PostgreSQL DBA
Career Soft Solutions, Jersey City, NJ

PostgreSQL Consultant
OmniTI, New York, NY

PostgreSQL DBA/Developer*
Virtual Service Operations, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

The right graph database.
Not a graph add-on.
Free forever.
Start solving today

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here