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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft SQL Server and PostgreSQL with MySQL, Oracle and MongoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1047.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score469.81
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release19891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 201711.2, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
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Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
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DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
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Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
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Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Azure Backup for SQL Server Now Commercially Available
19 March 2019, Redmondmag.com

Save more than $3,000 on this Microsoft SQL Server Certification bundle
21 March 2019, Windows Central

How to migrate SQL Server 2008 applications to Azure
20 March 2019, InfoWorld

SQL Server Database Administrator - Bright Health
18 March 2019, Built In Austin

From Salon Marketplace: Expertly manage databases with this SQL training bundle
24 March 2019, Salon

provided by Google News

Microsoft brings PostgreSQL extension and SQL Notebooks functionality to Azure Data Studio
19 March 2019, Packt Hub

Pivotal Strengthens its Commitment to PostgreSQL in the Enterprise with the Release of Pivotal Greenplum 6 and a New Offering Pivotal Postgres
19 March 2019, DevOps.com

Pivotal Extends GreenPlum, PostgreSQL on Cloud Foundry
21 March 2019, Datanami

How to handle backup and recovery with PostgreSQL 11 [Tutorial]
2 March 2019, Packt Hub

Learn how to manage security in PostgreSQL [Tutorial]
26 February 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

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