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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft SQL Server and PostgreSQL with MySQL, Oracle and MongoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1053.41
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score405.81
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release19891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 201710.4, May 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a ServiceGoogle Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL and .NET languagesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationdeclarative partitioning (by range or by list) since PostgreSQL 10.0 infoprior to 10.0, partitioning could be realized with table inheritance
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2018
Seattle, Washington, USA, 6-9 November 2018

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft offers Windows Server 2008, SQL Server 2008 users a new way to extend support for free
12 July 2018, ZDNet

Microsoft Sharpens SQL Operations Studio's Job Management Tools
20 July 2018, eWeek

A quick tutorial on SQL Server maintenance plans
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Six sample databases for SQL Server and how to find them
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