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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. mSQL vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. mSQL vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAnalytic DBMS for HadoopmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.24
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score14.26
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1.52
Rank#128  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score1343.59
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.hughes.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)ClouderaHughes TechnologiesOracle
Initial release2012201319941980
Current release3.3.0, August 20194.2, April 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infofree licenses can be providedcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++CC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factornoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftImpalamSQL infoMini SQLOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Amazon RedshiftImpalamSQL infoMini SQLOracle
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