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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.78
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score15.07
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1266.28
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1336.07
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)ClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle
Initial release2012201319951980
Current release3.3.0, August 20198.0.18, October 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageCC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftImpalaMySQLOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesDremio is like magic for Redshift accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon RedshiftImpalaMySQLOracle
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