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DBMS > Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon Redshift vs. Hive vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score23.14
Rank#29  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score69.55
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1368.77
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­redshifthive.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracle
Initial release201220121980
Current release3.1.2, August 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCJavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon RedshiftHiveOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
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Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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