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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Impala vs. JanusGraph vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Impala vs. JanusGraph vs. MySQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score76.93
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score2.58
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmljanusgraph.orgwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.janusgraph.orgdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release20122005201320171995
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 20200.6.0, September 20218.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++JavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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