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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.87
Rank#162  Overall
#23  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score1081.91
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score491.07
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitefranz.com/­agraph/­allegrographwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperFranz Inc.MicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200419891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release6.6.0, August 2019SQL Server 2019, November 201912.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common LispTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith Federationtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication
Multi-master replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader Document Store and Graph Database. Supporting JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
News

Triple Attributes
2 May 2018

Allegro "Knowledge" Graph News - March 2018
7 March 2018

AllegroGraph v6.4 - Now Available
23 January 2018

AllegroGraph News - December 2017
20 December 2017

AllegroGraph News - November 2017
2 November 2017

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
AllegroGraphMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
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Recent citations in the news

Franz launches AllegroGraph Knowledge Graph solution
12 June 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Knowledge graphs take the stage at KMWorld 2019
8 November 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Graph Database 'Shapes' Data
16 August 2019, Datanami

Franz Updates AllegroGraph with the Ability to Ingest JSON and JSON-LD Documents
4 March 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Semantic data lake architecture in healthcare and beyond
21 August 2017, ZDNet

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12 November 2019, PRNewswire

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