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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.33
Rank#187  Overall
#31  Document stores
#17  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score96.81
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score36.51
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteallegrograph.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperFranz Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release20042009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 19952014
Current release7.2.0, October 202110.10.2, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScript
TriggersyesyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith Federationseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
News

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4 January 2023

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11 November 2022

AllegroGraph Named “2022 Best Knowledge Graph” by KMWorld Readers’ Choice
9 November 2022

Using Ansible for AllegroGraph multi-server installation
7 November 2022

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
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More resources
AllegroGraphMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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