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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Our visitors often compare MariaDB and Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB with MongoDB, Microsoft SQL Server and Cassandra.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.31
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score24.83
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#4  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release20092014
Current release10.3.13, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScript
TriggersyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Azure Cosmos DB is Microsoft™s globally-distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Global distribution Easily build globally-distributed applications without the hassle...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Azure Cosmos DB enables writing globally distributed applications and allows you...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Jet.com, Asos, Real Madrid, Orange Tribes, MSN, Telenor, NextGames, Schneider Electric,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Gartner Research positions Microsoft as the leader in the Magic Quadrant Operational...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWith Azure Cosmos DB, pay only for the storage you use and the throughput you provision...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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Recent citations in the news

MariaDB Announces New Enterprise Server
27 February 2019, AiThority

Walgreens turns to MariaDB as part of open source push
19 March 2019, Networks Asia

MariaDB CEO on the open source enterprise – we can bridge the gap between bare metal and microservices
6 March 2019, Diginomica

MariaDB announces new enterprise server version
27 February 2019, iTWire

What is MariaDB Platform X3?
28 February 2019, ComputerworldUK

provided by Google News

Azure Cosmos DB update: SDKs, CORS, multi-region strong consistency, and more - Microsoft
1 March 2019, Channel 9

An intro to Azure Cosmos DB .NET SDK 3.0 - Microsoft
1 March 2019, Channel 9

Azure Cosmos DB gets cheaper, Azure Machine Learning gets smarter
4 December 2018, ZDNet

Microsoft makes a dip in the Azure Cosmos DB pool just a bit more tempting with another price drop
5 December 2018, The Register

Document Databases Software Market 2019: Top Key Players Are MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB And Redis.
5 March 2019, openPR

provided by Google News

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