DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Couchbase vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.34
Rank#150  Overall
#25  Document stores
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score29.07
Rank#28  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score55.75
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.couchbase.comneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.couchbase.comneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.Couchbase, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2004201120072010
Current release7.0.0, April 2020Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.2.6, May 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksNeo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common LispFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral buckets
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Gartner Case Study: Entity-Event Knowledge Graph for Powering AI Solutions (Montefiore)
15 March 2021

Understanding What Matters With Text Analytics and NLP
9 March 2021

KMWorld 100 Companies that Matter Most – Franz Inc.
9 March 2021

Maximizing Your Data Fabric’s ROI via Entity Data Modeling
24 February 2021

Data-Centric Architecture Forum – DCAF 2021
1 February 2021

Announcing Early Access of Neo4j Aura Free Tier
18 June 2021

Neo4j Raises the Largest Funding Round in Database History
17 June 2021

Introducing Neo4j 4.3: The Fastest Path to Graph Productivity
17 June 2021

This Week in Neo4j – deps.dev, neo-forgery, Motherlode, tei2neo, RBAC with Azure AD, Prometheus, GraphStuff.FM Podcasts
12 June 2021

#GraphCast: Why Join Neo4j with Johannes
11 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNeo4jOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

Graph-Centered AppDev Series, What's wrong with your application?
Webinar, Episode 1 [REPLAY], 6 April 2021 - 6 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

Franz Inc. Named to Database Trends 100 Companies that Matter Most in Data
15 June 2021, Business Wire

Franz Inc. and Smartlogic Team Up to Help Enterprises Quickly Deploy Highly Scalable, Distributed Semantic Knowledge Graphs
24 May 2021, Business Wire

Franz Announces Allegro NFS Server 7.0 for Windows
16 February 2021, Business Wire

Franz Releases AllegroGraph 7.1
12 February 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Franz Inc. Named a 2021 KMWorld 100 Company that Matters in Knowledge Management
22 March 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Document Databases Market Inventory Demand With Future Expansion 2031 || Couchbase and MongoDB – The Manomet Current
16 June 2021, The Manomet Current

Open-Source Database Software Market Size, Industry Trends and Forecast to 2028 | Major Players – Titan, SQLite, Neo4j, MariaDB, Apache Hive, Couchbase – The Courier
18 June 2021, The Courier

Document Databases Market SWOT Analysis including key players Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
31 May 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Dynamic Data Management System Market with Eminent Key Players and Future Outlook to 2020-2026 | Oracle, Microsoft, SAP SE, Teradata, IBM Corporation, Couchbase – The Manomet Current
16 June 2021, The Manomet Current

SiliconANGLE Chasing Snowflakes in the new database boomtown
5 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

Graph database platform Neo4j raises $325M to inform decision-making
17 June 2021, VentureBeat

Neo4j Delivers the First Graph Database Hardened Container in Collaboration with The Department of Defense Platform One
19 May 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j Funding Latest in Real-Time Market Investments
17 June 2021, RTInsights

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based information evaluation takes maintain in enterprise
18 June 2021, Game Polar

Air Force Approves Neo4j Graph Database Container for DOD Networks; Nicolas Chaillan Quoted
20 May 2021, ExecutiveGov

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market R & D including top key players Oracle, IBM, Neo Technology, OrientDB – The Manomet Current
7 June 2021, The Manomet Current

NoSQL Software Market Outlook 2021, Analysis and Forecast to 2028 by Manufacturers| MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, ArangoDB – The Courier
20 May 2021, The Courier

Global Graph Database Market 2025: Top Key Players Oracle, International Business Machines Corporation, Neo TechnologyInc., OrientDB, Franz Inc. and others – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
3 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Global Graph Database Market Share 2021 by Companies: Tibco Software, Neo4j, AWS, Microsoft, OrientDB Ltd, triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB) – Clark County Blog
21 May 2021, Clark County Blog

Graph Database Market 2021 Industry Statistics, Applications, Forecast 2026, and Key Player Analysis – Oracle (US), AWS (US), Neo4j (US), OrientDB (UK). – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
7 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Modeling and Simulation / MBSE Systems Engineer
The GBS Group, Virginia Beach, VA

Sales Director, Partner Success
TigerGraph, California

Systems Engineer
General Dynamics Information Technology, Cherry Hill, NJ

Senior Sales Engineer
TigerGraph, San Francisco, CA

Modeling and Simulation Computer Engineer
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Enterprise Account Executive
Couchbase, Detroit, MI

Enterprise Sales Representative
Couchbase, Seattle, WA

Cloud Sales Specialist
Couchbase, Remote

Manager, Demand Generation
Couchbase, Santa Clara, CA

Manager, Inside Sales
Couchbase, Austin, TX

Customer Support Engineer (West Coast - Remote)
Neo4j, Seattle, WA

Data Analyst (Junior)
Far Ridgeline Engagements Inc, Fayetteville, NC

Information Management - Senior Neo4J DBA
PNC, Cleveland, OH

Customer Success Manager (Remote)
Neo4j, United States

Customer Success Manager (West-Remote)
Neo4j, San Mateo, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here