DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > MariaDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Virtuoso

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Key-value store based on Berkeley DB Java EditionVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Relational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score85.57
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.57
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Score2.63
Rank#97  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.htmlvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
OracleOpenLink Software
Initial release200920111998
Current release10.4.10, November 201918.3, November 20188.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise EditionOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++JavaC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIOLE DB
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3noyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Electable Master-Slave per shardChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integrationyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBOracle NoSQLVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBOracle NoSQLVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

DBmaestro Brings Database Release Automation to MySQL, MariaDB, and Amazon RDS
30 October 2019, Database Trends and Applications

MariaDB Deepens Leadership Bench to Accelerate Cloud-Centric Innovation
21 October 2019, Half Moon Bay Review

Headcount: Firings, Hirings, and Retirings — October 2019
10 November 2019, SDxCentral

Percona Open Source Software Database Survey Reveals Shift Toward Diversity
15 October 2019, Yahoo Finance

Running sysbench on RDS MySQL, RDS MariaDB, and Amazon Aurora MySQL via SSL/TLS
6 November 2019, idk.dev

provided by Google News

Oracle Patches 219 Security Vulnerabilities – 142 Remotely Exploitable
16 October 2019, Computer Business Review

Oracle drops 219 fixes in October 2019 critical patch update
17 October 2019, CSO Australia

Oracle's Latest CPU Includes 20 Security Patches for Java SE
22 October 2019, ADT Magazine

Global NoSQL Databases Market 2019 Strategic Assessments – Key players include Accumulo, Aerospike, Amazon SimpleDB, Azure Table, Cassandra
24 October 2019, Industry Research Reports

Global NoSQL Databases Market 2019-2026 Growth Ratio Analysis with Top Prominent Players like Accumulo, Aerospike, Amazon SimpleDB, Azure Table, Cassandra
25 October 2019, Global Market Research

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Junior Game Developer
Mobcrush Inc, Santa Monica, CA

UH Web Administrator
University of Houston, Houston, TX

CentOS Support Engineer
Perforce Software, Minneapolis, MN

Software Developer
Unify Solutions, Catonsville, MD

Principal Database Administrator
Fidelity Investments, Durham, NC

PL/ SQL Programmer/ Analyst Sr.
Vidoori inc, Silver Spring, MD

Sr. Data and Reporting Analyst
Spectrum, Stamford, CT

Sr. Software Engineer, Database Engineering
S&P Global, Indiana

Principal Architect - Data
Scripps Health, San Diego, CA

PL/ SQL Programmer/ Analyst Sr.
Vidoori, Maryland

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Present your product here