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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used in-process key-value storeKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java EditionWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Key-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score91.61
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score4.17
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Score126.68
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleOracleDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2009199420112000
Current release10.4.12, January 202018.1 (Core), June 201819.5, November 20193.33.0 (August 14, 2020), August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise EditionOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)JavaC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
server-less
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnooptionalyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3nonono
Triggersyesyes infoonly for the SQL APInoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationElectable source-replica replication per shardnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBOracle Berkeley DBOracle NoSQLSQLite
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is designed for today’s most demanding applications that require...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples,...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things where a large volume of data needs to be stored and processed...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBOracle Berkeley DBOracle NoSQLSQLite
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