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DBMS > MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Open source graph databaseNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.44
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score48.98
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#149  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
neo4j.comwww.nuodb.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryneo4j.com/­docsdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Neo4j, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.
Initial release200920072013
Current release10.4.6, June 20193.5.4, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
Implementation languageC and C++Java, ScalaC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, SQL
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynonedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
MariaDBNeo4jNuoDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Fast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
News

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20 July 2019

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Toward AI Standards: Context Makes AI More Robust
15 July 2019

This Week in Neo4j – GraphConnect 2020 Registration Now Open, Data Discovery at Lyft, Finding Motifs in Cypher for Fun and Profit
13 July 2019

Why Are Distributed Databases Perfect for Financial Services? (Corporate Blog)
11 July 2019

How Distributed SQL Powers Your Enterprise Digital Transformation (Corporate Blog)
28 June 2019

What Does Core Banking Technology Mean Today? (Corporate Blog)
26 June 2019

NuoDB Operator and Database Deployment in Red Hat OpenShift 4 Using OperatorHub (Tech Blog)
13 June 2019

Meet the Amazing People Who Visited NuoDB at Red Hat Summit 2019 (Corporate Blog)
10 June 2019

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
MariaDBNeo4jNuoDB
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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

7 MySQL and MariaDB features you don't want to miss
26 June 2019, InfoWorld

PremiumSoft releases new version of Navicat Monitor
18 July 2019, Help Net Security

For MariaDB, it’s time to put the pieces together
27 February 2019, ZDNet

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18 July 2019, Forbes

Graph Database Market Trending Research 2019 – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
10 July 2019, Micro Finance Recorder

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
1 November 2018, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

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11 October 2018, GlobeNewswire

Database Automation Market By Current Scenario, Key Vendors | IDERA, SAP, Chef, Redis Labs, NuoDB, TestingWhiz, Puppet, Clustrix, and MemSQ Among Others
16 July 2019, A Technology Market

Cambridge Database Company NuoDB Raises $30M
31 December 2018, American Inno

Database Automation Market Share, Business Intelligence With Top Key Players IDERA, SAP, Chef, Redis Labs, NuoDB, TestingWhiz, Puppet, Clustrix, and MemSQ Among Others
19 July 2019, US Trade Media

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