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DBMS > Greenplum vs. Impala vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Impala vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.18
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score15.26
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1299.21
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitepivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationgpdb.docs.pivotal.iowww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.ClouderaOracle
Initial release200520131980
Current release5.10.0, July 20183.2.0, March 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationselectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GreenplumImpalaOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
GreenplumImpalaOracle
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Conferences and events

Oracle OpenWorld 2019
San Francisco, California, USA, 16-19 September 2019

Recent citations in the news

Greenplum 6 ventures outside the analytic box
19 March 2019, ZDNet

Pivotal, Gravitational, and Google Water Kubernetes Expansion
25 March 2019, SDxCentral

Pivotal Takes Greenplum to the Cloud
14 September 2017, Datanami

Pivotal Greenplum Analytic Database Adds Multicloud Support
18 September 2017, SDxCentral

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

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Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Apache Impala Adds ODBC Scalar Functions
17 May 2018, iProgrammer

Apache Impala gets top-level status as open source Hadoop tool
1 December 2017, TechTarget

Google to acquire big data analytics company Looker for $2.6 billion
6 June 2019, Inventiva

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much
13 January 2014, GigaOM

provided by Google News

Pay what you want and learn the nuances of Oracle database administration
15 June 2019, Windows Central

RDX Eases Oracle Database Migration to PostgreSQL on AWS
13 June 2019, DevOps.com

Oracle launches new AI-powered Exadata 8X database computer
12 June 2019, SiliconANGLE News

Microsoft and Oracle link up their clouds
5 June 2019, TechCrunch

Oracle Exadata And The Powerful Persistence of SQL
13 June 2019, Forbes

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