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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA relational database management system that stores data in columnsOpen source graph databaseDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.15
Rank#138  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.74
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.51
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comwww.monetdb.orgneo4j.combasho.com/­products/­riak-kvwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMonetDB BVNeo4j, Inc.Basho TechnologiesStardog-Union
Initial release20002004200720092010
Current release8.8, January 2019Apr2019, April 20193.5.8, July 20192.1.0, April 20156.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageJavaCJava, ScalaErlangJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenerestrictedyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsnonoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJavaScript and Erlanguser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handleryes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding via remote tablesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental statusCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factorMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes infoRelationships in graphsno infolinks between data sets can be storedyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMonetDBNeo4jRiak KVStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
7 November 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

Semantic Technology and the Strive for Drug Safety
21 October 2019

Artificial Intelligence and the Knowledge Graph
10 October 2019

Limit memory usage of MonetDB on Linux with CGROUPS
9 May 2019

SQL:2003 merge statements now supported in MonetDB
8 March 2019

Extended SQL:2011 Window Functions in MonetDB
26 February 2019

Updatable MERGE TABLEs with partition predicates
26 February 2019

Remote Tables and Authorization
10 August 2018

This Week in Neo4j – Full Text Search Tips and Tricks, Learning Geography, MongoDB to Graph
7 December 2019

Graphs on GPUs: 5-Minute Interview with Saul Rosales
6 December 2019

Graphing Space and Time
4 December 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Building a Fashion Knowledge Graph, Carrefour Basket Dataset Challenge, Community detection on Game of Thrones, Analysing Network Traffic
30 November 2019

#GraphCast: “All Graph Databases Are Not Created Equal”
29 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMonetDBNeo4jRiak KVStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Big Data Career Notes: November 2019 Edition
15 November 2019, Datanami

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

RDBMS Software Market Analysis -Global Demand, Opportunities, Revenue, Production, and Geographical Forecast To 2024
6 December 2019, Exponent Online

RDBMS Software Market Rising with Technological Demand during 2019-2026| Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite, IBM
21 November 2019, Market Expert

Rdbms Software Market Technology Advancements and Business Outlook 2019
7 December 2019, The Market Publicist

provided by Google News

Small or medium business? Neo4j wants to run a graph database for you in the cloud
7 November 2019, ZDNet

Neo4J Launches Cloud Graph Database
13 November 2019, iProgrammer

Neo4j Releases Native Graph Database as a Service Platform
12 November 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Neo4j Unveils New Fully-Managed Graph Database Called Neo4j Aura
7 November 2019, Solutions Review

Neo4j introduces Aura, a new cloud service to supply a flexible, reliable and developer-friendly graph database
7 November 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Is Riak A Good NoSQL Database Option?
1 July 2019, Analytics India Magazine

Basho open-sources its Riak TS database for the Internet Of Things
5 May 2016, TechCrunch

Basho, Maker of Riak NoSQL Database, Raises $25M
13 January 2015, Data Center Knowledge

Basho's database downfall highlights danger of bringing too-niche tech to market
10 July 2018, TechRepublic

NoSQL database Riak acquired following Basho’s fall from grace
13 September 2017, Computer Business Review

provided by Google News

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