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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA relational database management system that stores data in columnsOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.11
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.88
Rank#111  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#168  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comwww.monetdb.orgneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMonetDB BVNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release2000200420072010
Current release8.8, January 2019Apr2019, April 20193.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaCJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsnoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding via remote tablesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental statusCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMonetDBNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMonetDBNeo4jStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.0 Open Sources Its Front End and Engine Plugins to Support Knowledge Graph Solutions
7 October 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

SWOT Analysis of RDBMS Software Market By Top Players like Cubrid, TmaxSoft, CA Technologies, ThinkSQL, FrontBase, MonetDB, VoltDB and Forecast To 2026
15 October 2019, Markets Gazette

5 Channel Partner Updates: Tuesday 01 October 2019
1 October 2019, ChannelE2E

Discovering New Asset of RDBMS Software Market By Leading Players Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite, IBM, SolarWinds IT Operations Management, Cubrid
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Neo4j equips educators with data graphing teaching tools
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Graph Database Market 2019 Status Analysis : triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
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