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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS vs. SAP Adaptive Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpatial extension of PostgreSQLThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.85
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score31.64
Rank#27  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Score48.59
Rank#23  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticspostgis.netwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticspostgis.net/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASE
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftSAP, Sybase
Initial release2010201620051987
Current release3.1.4, September 202116.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL v2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC++CC and C++
Server operating systems.NEThostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLuser defined functionsJava and Transact-SQL
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningyes infobased on PostgreSQLhorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infobased on PostgreSQLMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesyes infobased on PostgreSQLfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostGISSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
DB-Engines blog posts

Spatial database management systems
6 April 2021, Matthias Gelbmann

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