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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpatial extension of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.74
Rank#204  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#32  Key-value stores
Score15.75
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score31.52
Rank#27  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticspostgis.net
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticspostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201020162005
Current release3.1.1, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL v2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CC++C
Server operating systems.NEThosted
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLuser defined functions
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningyes infobased on PostgreSQL
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infobased on PostgreSQL
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesyes infobased on PostgreSQL

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostGIS
DB-Engines blog posts

Spatial database management systems
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