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DBMS > GRAKN.AI vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison GRAKN.AI vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.20
Rank#256  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#120  Relational DBMS
Score31.98
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score5.00
Rank#65  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score1081.91
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitegrakn.aiazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperGrakn Labs LtdMicrosoftMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2016201420121989
Current release1.5.8, August 2019SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedhostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersnoJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandraSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandrayes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GRAKN.AIMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL Server
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
GRAKN.AIMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL Server
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Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

Recent citations in the news

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

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Azure Cosmos DB gets built-in Jupyter notebooks support
1 October 2019, DevClass

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10 January 2019, The Register

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SQL Server 2019 Licensing: How Much Does It Cost and What's Included?
8 November 2019, Redmondmag.com

SQL Server 2019 reaches general availability
4 November 2019, ZDNet

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4 November 2019, Redmondmag.com

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28 October 2019, Channel 9

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