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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score30.87
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.16
Rank#67  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score1085.06
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201420121989
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP APIOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL Server
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Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

Recent citations in the news

How to use Jupyter Notebook and Apache Spark in Azure Cosmos DB - Microsoft
20 September 2019, Channel 9

Azure Cosmos DB update for August 2019 | Azure Friday - Microsoft
30 August 2019, Channel 9

Document Databases Software Market to See Major Growth by 2025 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos
20 September 2019, OnYourDesks

Document Databases Software Market Is Booming Worldwide | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB
12 September 2019, Indian Columnist

Global Document Databases Software Market 2019 Industry Status MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase
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10 January 2019, The Register

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8 February 2019, MarTech Advisor

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