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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score41.38
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score5.53
Rank#77  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201420121989
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL Server
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Recent citations in the news

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

Defender for Azure Cosmos DB Preview Announced by Microsoft
2 March 2022, Redmondmag.com

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25 July 2022, PR Newswire

Hackers manage to smash Microsoft's Azure Cosmos DB database cluster, reveal poor security practices
12 November 2021, MSPoweruser

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31 August 2021, InfoQ.com

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How to use Azure Table storage in .Net
14 January 2019, InfoWorld

How to write data to Azure Table Store with an Azure Function
14 April 2017, Experts Exchange

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10 July 2022, satyenkumar.medium.com

Microsoft Announces Azure Chaos Studio in Public Preview
10 November 2021, InfoQ.com

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11 November 2019, TechTarget

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SQL Server 2022: Here’s what you need to know
29 July 2022, TechRepublic

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17 August 2022, Datanami

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