DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#44  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#318  Overall
#32  Graph DBMS
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Websitedgraph.ioneo4j.comnuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsneo4j.com/­docsdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.OracleVelocityDB Inc
Initial release20162007201320112011
Current release4.4.3, January 202221.2, September 20217.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoJava, ScalaC++JavaC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API.Net
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, SQLnono
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryesnoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesyes using Neo4j Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocolconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tableyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphNeo4jNuoDBOracle NoSQLVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Web3, NFTs, PHP Dev, and Sports Data Science
22 January 2022

Category Creation: Emil Eifrem’s Virtuous Cycle & Four Tips for Success
20 January 2022

Neo4j in the News – Winter Edition: Neo4j Growth, Big Data, and Cybercrime
19 January 2022

Doctor.ai, a Voice Chatbot for Healthcare, Powered by Neo4j and AWS
18 January 2022

This Week in Neo4j – Start Your Graph
15 January 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphNeo4jNuoDBOracle NoSQLVelocityDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Gary Hagmueller Joins Dgraph Labs To Lead the Graph Platform Market Disruption
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Graph database reinvented: Dgraph secures $11.5M to pursue its unique and opinionated path
31 July 2019, ZDNet

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Migrating Neo4j Graph Schemas with Neo4j Migrations
28 December 2021, InfoQ.com

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

Global GPU Database Market 2021 – Industry Developments, Outlook, Current Trends by 2027 – Discovery Sports Media
18 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

Graph database company Neo4j launches free fully-managed cloud service
3 November 2021, VentureBeat

Neo4j Receives Honors in 2021 Datanami Readers' and Editors' Choice Awards
15 December 2021, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

NuoDB 4.0 improves cloud-native database capabilities
31 July 2019, TechTarget

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Viewpoints

NuoDB Partners with Rancher Labs to Deliver a Cloud-native SQL Database Across Multi-Cloud Environments for Hong Kong FinTech Leader WeLab
19 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Global Operational Database Management Systems (OPDBMS) Software Market 2021 Future Trend, Growth rate, Opportunity, Industry Analysis to 2027 – Discovery Sports Media
17 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

provided by Google News

Oracle NoSQL database comes to the cloud
2 April 2020, TechTarget

Oracle Beefs Up Its NoSQL Database Offering
3 April 2014, Data Center Knowledge

First look: Oracle NoSQL Database
16 November 2011, InfoWorld

Oracle Announces 5 Key Enhancements to NoSQL Database
25 May 2016, Database Trends and Applications

Oracle Announces NoSQL Database Cloud Service
1 April 2020, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Scientist, Senior
Booz Allen Hamilton, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior QA Analyst - SaaS (REMOTE)
Leadr, Inc, Remote

Developer/Analyst, Senior (NJUS)
NetJets Services, Inc., Columbus, OH

Software Architect (REMOTE)
Leadr, Inc, Plano, TX

Innovation Lab Lead Developer - Cloud/AWS
NetJets Services, Inc., Columbus, OH

Data Scientist / Analyst (remote)
LinQuest Corporation, Beavercreek, OH

Technical Support Engneer. (East Coast) -Remote
TigerGraph, Georgia

JavaScript Developer
Keyhole Software, United States

Data Scientist
Snap Finance, Salt Lake City, UT

Database Developer
Farm Credit Services of America, Omaha, NE

NuoDB Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Cambridge, MA

Technical Writer -NuoDB
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Software Engineer - Database and Systems Technologies
Oracle, United States

Business Intelligence Engineer
Amazon.com Services LLC, Atlanta, GA

Software Developer 4
Oracle, United States

Software Developer 1/2
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM

BrightDrop - Backend SW Engineer
General Motors, United States

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here